Local appropriation

No substitution of local stakeholders

Investment in local expertise and human resources

Pooling of problems and solutions / Economies of scale

Demand-driven intervention / Cost sharing

Participatory approach

South-South cooperation

Export as factor of modernisation

Structured relationship between local value chain operators

Cross-cutting focus on youth and gender


This provides a simple framework for continuous improvement, focusing on the business case so that adopting good practice not only facilitates market access, but genuinely helps suppliers run more efficient, profitable and resilient businesses. It consists of three central elements:



In recent years, Uganda has experienced a high number of interceptions due to the presence in consignments of quarantine pests such as false codling moth (Thaumatotibia leucotreta), fruit flies (non-European Tephritidae), and eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis), and is high on the EC’s Non-EU Trade Alert List. The country is also facing increasing Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) notifications for exceeding maximum residue levels (MRLs).

Following the entry into force of the new EU Plant Health Regulation in December 2019, Uganda is strengthening its SPS control system to respond effectively to the new requirements. Both public and private sectors need to take the necessary steps to ensure conformity of consignments.

Since January 2021, COLEACP counts with the support of a focal point in the country (National Relay). The services provided by the national relay will mainly contribute to facilitate relations with the various stakeholders in both public and private sectors, particularly at decision-making level and assist the COLEACP team in ensuring that the activities of COLEACP’s’s programmes are consistent with other projects and programmes implemented by other organisations whose objectives, or part of whose objectives, relate to the same field of activity.

Two programmes are currently implemented by COLEACP in Uganda: Fit For Market and Fit For Market SPS.For both programmes, on a demand-driven basis, horticultural stakeholders are supported to meet market requirements and improve their overall sustainability performance. Support includes food safety and environmental management, social compliance and overall business management.

COLEACP’s priorities in Uganda, through its Fit For Market and Fit For Market SPS programmes, are:

  • Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) issues, giving priority to the management of false codling moth on chillies through support targeted at both the Competent Authority and private actors in the sector (production/export companies, professional organisations, consultants, etc.);
  • The development of a Good Practice Guide for Capsicum to help all the different actors working to produce their crops and products under the best sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) conditions;
  • Implementation of action plans with the competent authorities, in particular in the context of the preparation and monitoring of the implementation of the measures mentioned the dossiers with a view to ensuring the conformity of products with EU requirements;
  • Structuring of the sector, particularly strengthening the professional organisations to represent the sector and provide advocacy, information and members’ services;
  • Capacity strengthening for horticultural operators and supporting structures through on-site training, group training, training-of-trainers and coaching, with an emphasis on practical training.
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COLEACP is in regular contact with the main development actors in Uganda. A more concrete partnership is beginning with an STDF project in Uganda, involving CABI, “Enhancing the capacity of the fruit and vegetable sector to comply with phytosanitary requirements for export to global markets” (STDF/PG/543). A training programme has been established to improve the skills and knowledge of phytosanitary inspectors from both private and public sectors to ensure compliance of exported produce with the plant health requirements of importing countries.

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